The Pench National Park on the border of
Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra
has been known through the ages for its rich flora and fauna. Named after
the river that flows nearby, Pench was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in
1983, though it had been declared a notified area in 1972.
Located around 70-km from Nagpur on an area of 299-sq-km, Pench wildlife sanctuary is the 25th Tiger Reserve in the country and takes pride in its tigers and other wildlife. The total area under the Pench Tiger Reserve comes to about 758-km, out of which a core area of 299-sq-km is the National Park and 464-km the buffer area.
Pench National Park nestles in a picturesque setting of hills and dales. The park attracts tourists on account of its wildlife and its scenic beauty to which meandering Pench river lends special charm. There are several low-lying gradual hill ranges of Satpura fringing this river.
In summer the river retains water in pools strewn along its bed, locally known as 'Doh'. To the east lies Golia Pahar about 670m above the main sea level, which is the highest hill in Nagpur district. The best time to visit the park is between February and April.
This is southern topical dry deciduous forest and is a home to a variety of trees and wild animals. Main trees species found over here are Anjan, Bhirra, Bija, Hirda, Kalam, Khair, Medsing, Moha, Mokha, Palas, Rohan, Tick and Shisham, Tendu, and Tiwas. The main shrubs found in this area are Bharati, Dudhi, Ghaneri, Nirgudi, Phetra, Bamboo, Katang Bamboo, Kusal. The undergrowth consists of Divali, Gajargawat, Goakru, Rantulsi, Tarota and Marvel. Sabai and Thikhadi are the main grasses. Eroni, Gunj, Gulvel and Khobarvel are main climbers.
The common animals in this sanctuary are Common Langur, Jackal, Wild dog, Sloth bear, Indian Grey Mongoose, Striped Hyaena, Tiger, Leopard, Jungle cat, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking Deer, Indian Bison, Nilgai, Chausinga, Large Brown Flying Squirrel, Porcupine and Pangolin.
Air: Nearest airport is at
Nagpur , 78-km away from the park.
Rail: Nearest railway station is also at Nagpur.
Road: Regular bus service is available from Nagpur and Ramtek (35-km).
Accommodation is available at the Rest houses at Pench,
PENCH JUNGLE CAMP
Distt.-Seoni, Madhya Pradesh, (INDIA)
Tel : +(91)-(07695)-232817