GHANTA PATUA

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» East India
» Orissa
Region : Rural Areas of Orissa
Falls In : The month of Chaitra (March - April)
Performed By : Ghanta Patua, the non-Brahmins servants of the deities
Deity : Mother Goddess

For the whole month of Chaitra the village streets in Orissa reverberate with the sound of 'Ghanta' (brass gong) played by "Ghanta Patuas" in accompaniment to their peculiar dance on the stilts which is very similar to the 'Karaga' dance of Mysore. In Orissa, it is closely associated with the worship of Mother Goddess who has various names as 'Sarala', 'Hingula', 'Charchika', 'Bhagavati', 'Chandi' etc.

The Unique Dace of Ghanta Patuas
Ghanta Patuas are the non-Brahmin 'Sevaks' or servants of the deities. With the blessings of the respective deities attached to the shrines, they set out in two to four in a group. One of them dresses himself as a female with a black colour is tied on the head like a round cap while the flowing two ends are held by him in both the hands separately. He places to 'Ghata' (sacred pitcher) on his head, which is profusely decorated with flowers, vermilion, sandal paste and coloured threads.

With the Ghata on the head he displays a variety of Yogic postures. Then he dances a while with bare-feet with the ropes. Without any support for the hands the dancer displays rare skill, with dance movements. 'Dhol' and 'Ghanta' are the accompanying instruments and their players, while working out uncanny rhythms control the tempo of the dance.

After the performance the performers distribute the holy vermilion paste to the villager sand collect money and cereals. Like this they keep on moving for the whole month and return to their respective shrines for their annual celebration on the first day of the Hindu New Year, "Visuva Sankranti". Such celebrations are marked by small fairs and ornate rituals connected with the worship of Goddesses together with performances of dance and music.



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