Located in the central pavilion of the elaborate sprawling
Jai Niwas Garden, to the north of the magnificent Chandra Mahal, is the
miniature temple of Lord Krishna. The idol of Shri Krishna, originally
kept in a temple in Vrindavan, was installed here by Sawai Jai Singh II,
as the ruling deity of his family.
Sri Govinddevji, the family deity of Amber's Kachawaha Dynasty, now dwells in Jaipur, along with his consort Radha. The image, nevertheless, earlier existed in Vrindaban, where the Lord resided in the great temple built for him by Raja Mansingh, which was consecrated in 1590 AD.
Govinddevji was symbolic of Mansingh's power and became the focus of political interaction of the Mughal Emperor and the Kachawahas and, hence, an object of imperial and royal patronage. In the end of the seventeenth century, Govinddevji and Radha, accompanied by Vrindaban's tutelary goddess, Vrindadevi, were taken to the Amber territory to protect them from damage by the hands of iconoclasts.
It happened in the latter part of Emperor Aurangzeb's rule when, with the impelling grave condition of the Empire, regional Hindu Kingdoms became increasingly self assertive. Thus, that move from Vrindaban to Amber, the patrimonial land of the Kachawahas, also marked the Kachawaha rulers' assertion of regional power and identity.
Govinddevji and his consort eventually came to reside in the palatial temple, in the precincts of the City Palace of Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh's new capital, Jaipur. The rise of the deity to the status of a symbol of regnant power also meant the rise of Gaudiya Vaishnavism and the deity's custodians to power in the Kachawaha territory.
This is the most important and popular temple, which is visited in thousands by the devotees through out the year.