India has a rich wildlife heritage and a long tradition of nature conservation, which is practically a way of life for its people. Wildlife conservation is not merely an effort to protect some engendered species like the tiger, but covers the whole of nature conservation. Survival of wildlife and wilderness area is seen as indispensable to human survival and for maintaining the quality of life on planet Earth.
Measures for conservation
Various measures have been taken for Tiger conservation:
1. To help spread awareness of the need for Tiger conservation in India;
2. To influence decision-makers in the Indian government on Tiger conservation;
3. To encourage and influence innovative debate, constructive discussion, and consensus-building;
4. to fight misinformation, and through advocacy to build a wider consensus against exploitation and destruction of India's tigers and its wildlife.
Need for Tiger Conservation
Along with eight sub-species, more than 100,000 tigers were found at the turn of the last century. But in the last 50-60 year, three have become extinct mainly to human ignorance and habitat loss. The Bali tiger was the first to go in the 1940's followed by the Caspian in the 1970s and the Javan in 1980s. In the last 100 years, tiger populations have declined by 95% due to a combination of factors: habitat loss, hunting, human conflict, and the increased use of tiger bone-based medicines.
The remaining five sub-species of tiger - the Bengal (Indian), the Amur (Siberian), the South China, Sumatran and Indo-Chinese - range over 14 states: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, North Korea, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam. The South China, Amur and Sumatran are in danger of extinction, and populations of the Indo-Chinese and Bengal tiger are declining rapidly. The situation is serious - tigers are disappearing fast. Thus, in order to save tigers, we must save their prey. In order to save the tiger's prey, we must save the forest in which they live. By saving tigers, we are saving the forests.