Languages

Major Languages of India: Hindi, Tamil, Urdu
National Language: Hindi
Mother of All Languages: Sanskrit
Most Spoken Language: Hindi, English

There are 16 main languages in India, but there is no single language whose roots are purely Indian. Being a vast country which has absorbed its conquerors, India speaks with a different tongue wherever you go. It has become the home of numerous races and communities which came here to settle never to return. They chalked out certain parts of the country and thus established different linguistic zones. Thus, this vast nation has as many languages as there are races and communities. The number of states have their boundaries marked on the basis of the language spoken there.

Common Idioms, Words and Phrases:
There are 16 main languages in India, but there is no single language which can be said to be 'Indian'. Being a vast country which has absorbed who so ever came here; numerous races and communities came and settled. Each one had differnt language and from other and they settled in different parts of the country. Thus, this vast nation has as many languages as much there are races and communities. number of states have their boundaries marked on the basis of the language spoken there.

The number dialects are even more confusing and at times lead to misunderstanding. In general it can be said that hindi is one langfuage which is spoken and understood by more than half the Indian population. But it is English which is most widely spoken and understood. One can say that even after half century of Independence English continues to be the contact language in India. It is very easy to get around India with English -- fater all many Indians have to speak English to each other if they wish to communicate. Nevertheless it is always better to know at least a little of local language. Here are listed few common words and phrases in Hindi :

English Hindi
Where is the Hotel (tourist office)? Hotal (turist afis) Kahan hai?
How far is ....? ......kitni dur hai?
How do I get to ...... .....ko jane ke liye kaise jana parega?
Hello, goodbye Namaste
What is your name? apka shubh nam?
yes / no han / nahin
please meharbani se
What is the time? Kya baja hai
thank you shukriya, dhanyawad
come here yahan ao
how much? kitne paise
show me the menu mujhe minu dikhao
this is expensive yeh bahut mehnga hai
the bill please bill lao
big bara
small chota
today aaj
day din
night rat
week saptah
month mahina
year sal
English Hindi
medicine dawa
ice baraf
egg anda
fruits phal
vegetables sabzi
water pani
rice chawal
tea chai
coffee kafi
milk dudh
sugar chini
butter makkhan
prize inam
tobacco tambaku

Numbers
1 ek
2 do
3 tin
4 char
5 panch
6 chhe
7 sat
8 ath
9 nau
10 das
100 sau
1000 hazar
100,000 lakh
10,000,000 crore

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