Ujjain is situated on the right bank of River bank or River Shipra. It is
a very holy city for the Hindus a site for the triennial Kumbh Mela.
According to Hindu scriptures, it was originally called Avantika. There is
an interesting tale behind the sanctity of the city. It's origin is
ascribed to the mythological legend of Sagar Manbthan (churning of the
primordial ocean to discover the pot of nectar). The story goes that after
the nectar was discovered, there was a chase between the gods and the
demons to have the nectar first and thus attain immortality. During this
chase a drop of nectar spilled and fell on Ujjain, thus making the city
Apart from mythological legends, the city has a long and distinguished history. It was governed by the likes of Vikramaditya and Ashoka. Kalidas wrote his soul stirring poetry here.
Today, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age old legacy and the modern day lifestyle.
What to See
Mahakaleshwara : This temple of Lord Shiva with its lingam is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. It is also known as the shrine of Mahakaleshwara. The temple has an idol of Omkareshwara Shiva consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal Shrine. The temple also mages of Ganesh, Parvati, Kartikeya and Shiva's Bull, Nandi.
Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir : There is a sculpted image of Lord Ganesh, ion this temple, close to the tank near Mahakaleshwar.
Chintamani Ganesh : A temple of considerable antiquity and a popular place of pilgrimage, the idol here is believed to be self formed.
Bhartrihari Caves : According to legend, the caves on the banks of the river Shipra near Gadkalika Temple are where the great scholar-poet Bhartrihari lived and meditated.
Harsiddhi Temple : Another Important shrine with the image of Goddess Annapurna.
Kal Bhairava : The specialty of this temple is its intricate paintings in the Malwa style.
Observatory : The stars and the skies seemed fascinating in the 17th century too. That would perhaps explain the number of observatories that we have in India. Even this 17th century observatory has a planetarium and a telescope.
Vikram Kirti Mandir : This Mandir has the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum and an art gallery. Actually, a cultural centre, it is dedicated to the memory of King Vikramaditya - the much honoured King of Ujjain.
Gopal Mandir : A sanctum inlaid with marble and silver plated doors constitute the main attraction of this temple.
Navagraha Mandir : The ruling planets have always had an important place in the Indian rituals and tradition. This temple is dedicated to the nine ruling planets (Navagraha means nine planets) It is located on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra river.
Mahashivratri : Having one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, obviously, Mahashivratri is a big event here. Thousand of pilgrims flock to the fair grounds near the famous Mahakaleshwar temple and fast and worship throughout the night.
Simhastha Kumbh Mela : It is a mammoth fair, held once in twelve years at Simhastha. The magnificence and awesome spectacle of the bathing ritual defies description.
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