unique topography, terrain, climate and vegetation, brings out natural
diversity that cannot be witnessed anywhere else in the world. One such
variation is also present in India's wild forested regions.
Tropical forests in India's east present a total contrast with the pine and coniferous woodland of the Western Himalayas. The natural cover of India varies with high altitudes and these evergreen forests are bounded with high alpine meadows nearer to the snowline and temperate forests of short stout trees in the lower elevations. In the Himalayan foothills are decidious trees, with shrubs, Bamboos, fern and grass.
Indian Forest Range
India's northern plains, the course of the holy rivers Ganga and the Yamuna; the Great Thar Desert in the west; the Sundarbans, the marshy swamplands, in the delta of the Ganga and the Brahmaputra, in the east; the Deccan Plateau, lying in the rain shadow of the hills and the Western Ghats with their dense; luxuriant forests - all provide fascinating variations in habitats. These forests sustain 350 species of mammals, 2, 100 kinds of birds - local and migratory, nearly 350 species of reptile and countless insects.
Preserving Forests in India
The need for conservation of the environment and the forests has excercised the minds of Indian rulers from the earliest of times. In recent times,it was the administrators and princely rulers who demarcated and reserved forests as private preserves. Today many of the forested regions form the nucleus of India's wildlife sanctuaries and parks.
Facts About Tropical Rain Forests
* More than half of the world's estimated 10 million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical rainforests.
* Rainforest plants are rich in secondary metabolites, particularly alkaloids. Biochemists believe alkaloids protect plants from disease and insect attacks. Many alkaloids from higher plants have proven to be of medicinal value and benefit.
* Currently, 121 prescription drugs currently sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources. And while 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less than 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been tested by scientists.
* Promoting the use of these sustainable and renewable sources could stop the destruction of the Rainforests. By creating a new source of income harvesting the medicinal plants, fruits nuts, oil and other sustainable resources, the rainforests is be more valuable alive than cut and burned.
* Sufficient demand of sustainable and ecologically harvested Rainforest products is necessary for preservation efforts to succeed.
Indian Forest Trails
Discover the flora and fauna of nestling within the natural boundaries of the Indian wildlife sanctuaries and national parks with an expert naturalist who identifies plants, trees and habitats of forest creatures. Listen and learn as a naturalist guides you through the evergreen and hardwood forests that surround the winding paths of various natural habitats. The naturalist will also introduce you to the many species of wildlife that inhabit these wild hubs.
Major Regions For Forest Trails In India
If you are a nature lover and the wildlife has always fascinated you with its beautiful natural surprises, then visit the numerous Indian wildlife sanctuaries whose areas are extend over several hundred thousands of square kilometers, where wildlife can be observed within their natural habitats. Each and every wildlife sanctuary and national park in India supports several variety of species, even if they are popular about a particular animal or is a protected wildlife reserve, such as the the Project Tiger Reserves in India.
If you like to check out the rare and endangered species, then visit Gir Forests in Gujarat, popularly known as only surviving home of the Asiatic lions. Next endangered animal is Rhino, whose two preserved natural habitats are situated in the Northeastern state of Assam and the national parks are Manas and Kaziranga with a significant population of the great one horned Rhinos.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary down south in the state of Kerala, is one of the best sanctuaries in India for watching and photographing elephants at close quarters. The animals usually found in this sanctuary, beside the elephants, include Tiger, Bison, Spotted Deer, Gaur etc.Other only safe natural dwelling places for endangered animals include Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur for Thamin Deer, Dachigam for Hangul or Kashmir Stag, and Velvadhar in Gujarat for Blackbuck.
The diverse terrain in Uttaranchal and the climate of the state are another reason why this place is fast catching up as the nature walk hike and trek destination. included in this region are the are the high alpine meadows and arid snow covered wastes of thick tropical rain forests of the Terai region and deciduous forests covering the hills of the Himalayan region. these varied lands harbour an immense variety of wildlife and vegetation, some unique in the world that a lover of nature and wildlife will find much of interest.
Arunachal forests is another place where you would like to have your forests trails to reach its conclusion. The forests of natural forests are the only surviving rain forests of India and sixty-one percent of the Arunachal state is covered in the natural blanket of forested land. Among the major natural forest trails offered within state include the Namdapha National Park.